Koninklijke Java-China-Paketvaart Lijnen NV
20 postcards of the fleet of the Royal Java-China Paketvaart Lijnen / Royal interocean lines. Er zijn afbeeldingen van de schepen: Straat Malakka, Straat Clement, Straat Cumberland, Tjibantjet, Van Waerwijck, Schouten, Straat van Magelhaen, Ruys, Boissevain, Tjiluwah 2x, Tegelberg 2x, Tjitjalengka, Tjisadane, Van Heemskerck, Straat Johore, Tjiwangi, Straat Cook en Tjitarum.
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The Koninklijke Java-China-Paketvaart Lijnen NV (KJCPL) was a Dutch shipping company based in Amsterdam that existed between 1902 and 1970. Until 1947 the name was Java-China-Japan Lijn (JCJL), outside the Netherlands the company was known as Royal Interocean Lines (RIL). The shipping company maintained shipping connections between Java and China. In 1970 the KJCPL merged with several other Dutch shipping companies to form the Nederlandsche Scheepvaart Unie (NSU), known from 1977 as Nedlloyd. The basis for the KJCPL was laid in 1888 when the Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij (KPM) was founded by the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland (SMN) and the Rotterdamsche Lloyd (RL). The KPM focused primarily on shipping connections for passengers and cargo between the islands of the former Dutch East Indies, the so-called “inter-island shipping”. At the end of the nineteenth century, the usual term for this type of regular service was “parcel shipping”, operated with “parcel ships”, with the prefix “parcel”, meaning parcel post, still being written with one “k”; later the general spelling became “package”, “parcel shipping” and “parcel ships”, but the name of the company remained unchanged. KPM’s services were indispensable for passengers, freight and mail at the time. On September 15, 1902, the same shipping companies (SMN, RL and KPM) founded the Java-China-Japan Line (JCJL), with KNSM director Ernst Heldring in particular being the initiator. He became a member of the Supervisory Board. The new society provided for the growing traffic between the Dutch East Indies and the Far East. In 1947 the lines of the KPM outside Indonesia were merged with the Java-China-Japan Line and the designation Royal was obtained, after which the new name became Koninklijke Java-China-Paketvaart Lijnen (KJCPL), while outside the Netherlands the name Royal Interocean Lines. (RIL) was used. Regular services were maintained between Japan, Philippines, Malaysia, West, South and East Africa, South America, Australia, New Zealand and India. As of January 1, 1967, a full merger between KJCPL and KPM, including its subsidiaries. The entire sailing personnel and the majority of the shore personnel of the KPM were transferred to the service of the KJCPL. On January 20, 1970, the KJCPL merged with four other Dutch shipping companies to form the Nederlandsche Scheepvaart Unie (NSU), known from 1977 as Nedlloyd. The KJCPL brought in a fleet of 61 ships, with a combined tonnage of 503,081 GRT, supplemented by various subsidiaries and minority interests in other companies. The archive of the KJCPL was transferred by Nedlloyd to the National Archives.
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