William Prince of Orange Father of King William the Third
Portrait of William II, Prince of Orange; on horseback in profile to the right holding a whip out in front of him, wearing a dark jacket, hat and sword, with a mounted companion and a dog to right, after Gerard Ter Borch. Etching made by William Baillie in 1771. The image is 28 x 25 cm (plate edges) the sheet is 52 x 35 cm. The print is in good condition.
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Gerard ter Borch II, called the younger (Zwolle, December 1617 – Deventer, 8 December 1681), also known as Gerard Terborch, was a Dutch painter. He is best known for his small and gallant genre paintings, but he also painted portraits. More is known about his life than about many other 17th-century painters. Gerard was born in a very wealthy Zwolle family. Gerard ter Borch learned the painting trade from his father, Gerard ter Borch the Elder, a high official, but also an amateur painter. He taught three of his thirteen children to paint and draw: Gerard from his first marriage and Gesina and Moses from his third. His daughter Gesina ter Borch (born 1631) recorded numerous family events in her albums; his son Moses (born 1645) was also a talented painter, but enlisted in the fleet in 1667 and died on the voyage to Chatham under Michiel de Ruyter. Gerard completed his apprenticeship in two years and became a master of the Haarlem guild in 1635 . His first dated painting also dates from this year. In 1635 he went to England and visited his uncle Robert van Voerst, who was an engraver, in London. In 1640 he returned to Holland, where he worked in Amsterdam and Haarlem until 1645. He must have already made a name for himself as a portrait painter. He devoted himself to portraits in detail in small format. In 1646 he accompanied the powerful Amsterdam mayor and diplomat Adriaen Pauw to Münster and painted one of his most famous pieces: The Charm of the Peace of Münster, May 15, 1648, the Peace Conference between Holland and Spain. From 1648 he worked in Haarlem, Deventer, The Hague, Zwolle and Kampen. He painted scenes from everyday life, such as De Spinster, a symbol of domestic virtue. But he also painted, probably around 1654, a Horse Stable, in which a man grooms a horse and a woman enters the stable. From about 1654 Ter Borch came to full development. He married Gertruijdt Mattijsem on 14 February 1654 and settled in Deventer. In 1655 he acquired the citizenship of the city. There was no guild in Deventer. He made a large number of paintings: portraits and depictions of the daily life of the wealthy bourgeoisie. This brought him great fame. An example is The Letter. Around 1660 he made his ‘coolest interior pieces’. In 1672 Prince William III of Orange visited Deventer and Ter Borch painted his portrait. The painting had to be hidden because shortly afterwards, during the Second Münster War, the city surrendered to Cologne and Münster. Ter Borch died on December 8, 1681 in Deventer. Ter Borch, however, is buried at his own request in the Grote or Sint-Michaëlskerk in Zwolle.
William Baillie (1723–1810) often known as “Captain William Baillie” was an Irish printmaker. Baillie was born at Kilbride, County Carlow, on 5 June 1723. He was educated at Dr. Sheridan’s school in Dublin, and at about the age of eighteen his father sent him to London to study law. However he decided to follow the example of a younger brother and join the army. After some opposition from his father, he was allowed to accept of a commission offered to him by Lord Archibald Hamilton, in the 13th Regiment of Foot. He joined the regiment as the senior ensign before the battle of Lafeldt, where he carried the colours. He served with this regiment for many years, and was at the battle of Culloden, and at several engagements in Germany. He then became an officer in the 51st Regiment and was with them as captain of the grenadiers and paymaster at the battle of Minden. He then spent some time in the 17th Light Dragoons before selling his commission. He made his first etchings while still in the army. The earliest dated ones, from 1753, depict soldiers, one a named member of his regiment. He was largely self-taught as an artist, though he had some lessons from his fellow Irishman, Nathaniel Hone. After leaving the army in 1761, Baillie devoted his life to the arts, although from 1773–95 he also held the post of Commissioner of Stamps. He made prints in various styles, first exhibiting his work with the Society of Artists in 1762, but his most notable productions were those in the style of, or directly copied from, the etchings of Rembrandt. To imitate Rembrandt’s effects of chiaoscuro, he used mezzotint, a technique not employed by the Dutch artist. He also obtained the badly worn original plate of Rembrandt’s “Hundred Guilder Print” and reworked it. When a limited number of impressions had been made, the plate was cut into four pieces, and impressions taken from the individual sections. His main business however was as a picture dealer, acting as agent for the Earl of Bute and Lord Liverpool among others. His works were published in two folio volumes by John Boydell, in 1792,under the title of A Series of 225 Prints and Etchings after Rembrandt, Teniers, G. Dou, Poussin, and others. He died at Paddington, London, on 22 December 1810.